When I saw this weeks photo challenge the first thing that came to mind was the Royal Palace in Paris. In 1986 Daniel Buren installed black and white striped columns in the main courtyard, which created a big controversy at the time. The columns fit the ” from lines to patterns” theme perfectly, but so do the lines and repeating patterns of the building. The Royal Palace (Palais-Royal) was originally built by Cardinal Richelieu in 1636. Louis XIV lived here as a child for some time before fleeing to escape the Fronde, which were a series of rebellions by nobles and their supporters against absolutism and tax policy. He handed over the property to his brother, Philippe d’Orleans. Philippe’s son, of the same name, is the one who added the 180 arcades and shops on the property which line the adjacent streets. The new Palais-Royal opened in 1784 and drew merchants, intellectuals and houses of ill repute. When Louis-Philippe became king in 1830 he closed down this hotbed of vice. When you stand in the courtyard no matter which direction you look the lines and patterns of Buren’s striped columns and the palace are striking.