Posted by: danielfee | May 20, 2012

Travel Photo of the Day 05-20-2012

Old Town – Salzburg, Austria

Salzburg’s “Old Town” is one of the best preserved city centres north of the Alps. It has internationally renowned baroque architecture and was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. Salzburg was the birthplace of composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and was also the setting for parts of the musical and film The Sound of Music.

Traces of human settlements have been found in the area dating to the Neolithic Age. The first settlements at Salzburg were apparently begun by the Celts around the 5th century BC. Around 15 BC the separate settlements were merged into one city by the Roman Empire. The Roman city was called Juvavum. After the collapse of the Roman Empire, Juvavum declined sharply and by the late 7th century it had become a “near ruin”. Saint Rupert is credited with the city’s rebirth in the 8th century. When he was asked to become Bishop, Rupert surveyed the river for the site of his Basilica. Then he renamed the city “Salzburg”, a name that means “Salt Castle”, derived from the barges carrying salt on the Salzach River.

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