Posted by: danielfee | March 7, 2012

Travel Photo of the Day 03-07-2012

Galapagos Penguin - Galapagos Islands

Galapagos Penguin - Galapagos Islands

One of the last birds you would expect to find in the Galapagos Islands is a penguin. But the Galapagos Penguin is the world’s only tropical penguin. As with their cousins that live in the southern continents and subantarctic waters, the Galapagos Penguin is flightless. Its ancestors probably followed the cold Humboldt Current north and found a year-round food supply in the Galapagos. But to survive in the warm tropical weather they had to evolve with the shortest feathers of any penguins in order to avoid overheating. They can tolerate water temperatures of up to 28 C. They suffered a massive decline during the 1982-83 El Nino, dropping from an estimated 6,000-15,000 to just 500 birds in 1984. They started making their comeback in 1985, however it estimated that there is still under 1,000 breeding pairs.

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